Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a tiny settlement founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century B.C., to an emerging empire while developing from monarchy to a republic form of government. Located along the Mediterranean Sea, it became one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
Roman civilization is often grouped into "classical antiquity" with ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome.
Ancient Roman Art
The major forms of Roman art are architecture, painting, sculpture and mosaic work, and includes the visual arts produced in ancient Rome and in the territories of the Roman Empire. Metalwork, coin-die and gem engraving, ivory carvings, figurine glass, pottery, and book illustrations are considered to be 'minor' forms of Roman artwork. Roman Art was influenced by some countries that they ruled over, like Greece, Egypt, and Africa. Although the Romans did indeed borrow a great deal from the Greeks, they also had their own equally vital traditions in art.
Ancient Roman art is traditionally divided into two main periods, art of the Roman Republic and art of the Roman Empire (from 27 B.C. on), with subdivisions corresponding to the major emperors or to imperial dynasties. The difference between Greek and Roman artistic temperament is revealed in a comparison of the sculpture created by each culture. While the Greeks were content to idealize their images, the Romans often preferred depictions in stone and bronze that reflected actual people.
General Ancient Rome websites
Timeline of the Roman Republic
The Roman Empire
Roman Rulers and their Families
Online Roman History Resources
Explore Roman Art at these sites
Greek and Roman Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Ceramics in the Roman World
Ancient History Sourcebook
The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Roman Diatret Glass - Staatliche Antikensammlungen
Roman Sandeled Foot - The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Roman Silver Skyphos - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Roman Bronze Eros Sleeping - The Metropolitan Museum of Art